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Alan Mulally talks with Jay Leno Past CEO of Ford

Alan Roger Mulally (born August 4, 1945) is an American engineer, business executive, and former President and Chief Executive Officer of the Ford Motor Company. He retired from Ford Motor Company on July 1, 2014. Ford had been struggling during the late-2000s recession, returned to profitability under Mulally and was the only American major car manufacturer to avoid a bailout fund provided by the government.[3][4] Mulally’s achievements at Ford are chronicled in the book, An American Icon: Alan Mulally and the Fight to Save Ford Motor Company by Bryce G. Hoffman, published in 2012. On July 15, 2014, he was appointed to the Google Board of Directors.[5]

Mulally was the executive vice president of Boeing and the CEO of Boeing Commercial Airplanes (BCA). He began his career with Boeing as an engineer in 1969 and was largely credited with BCA’s resurgence against Airbus in the mid-2000s.

Boeing[edit]

Mulally led the design team of the first all-digital flight deck in a commercial aircraft, as seen here in the cockpit of the Boeing 767.
Mulally was hired by Boeing immediately out of college in 1969 as an engineer. He held a number of engineering and program management positions, making contributions to the Boeing 727, 737, 747, 757, 767 and 777 projects. He led the cockpit design team on the 757/767 project. Its revolutionary design featured the first all-digital flight deck in a commercial aircraft, the first two-man crew for long range aircraft, and a common type rating for pilots on two different aircraft. He worked on the 777 program first as director of engineering and, from September 1992, as vice-president and general manager.[11]

He was later named as Vice President of Engineering for the commercial airplane group. He is known and recognized for elevating Phil Condit’s “Working Together” philosophy through and beyond the 777-program. In 1994, Mulally was promoted to senior vice president of Airplane Development and was in charge of all airplane development activities, flight test operations, certification, and government technical liaison. In 1997, Mulally became the president of the Information, Space & Defense Systems and senior vice president.[13] He held this position until 1998 when he was made president of Boeing Commercial Airplanes, Chief Executive Officer duties were added in 2001.[11]

Following the forced resignations of Phil Condit in 2003 and Harry Stonecipher in 2005, Mulally was considered one of the leading internal candidates for the CEO position.[14] When Mulally was passed over in both instances, questions were raised about whether he would remain with the company.

For Mulally’s performance at Boeing, Aviation Week & Space Technology named him as person of the year for 2006.[6]

Ford Motor Company[edit]

Mulally (wearing the red tie) with President George W. Bush at the Kansas City Assembly Plant in Claycomo, Missouri on March 20, 2007, touring Ford’s new hybrid cars.
“An automobile has about 10,000 moving parts, right? An airplane has two million, and it has to stay up in the air.” (on being asked “How are you going to tackle something as complex and unfamiliar as the auto business when we are in such tough financial shape?”)

Alan Mulally, 2007[15]
Mulally was named the President and CEO of Ford Motor Company on September 5, 2006, succeeding William Clay Ford, Jr., who remained as Executive Chairman of the company’s Board of Directors.[16] Mulally called his Lexus LS430 the ‘finest car in the world’, just as Ford was about to announce his selection as CEO, making the point that Ford was not then in a leadership position, though he then faced some criticism and switched to driving Ford models.[17][18] William Clay Ford Jr. had been searching for his successor as Ford CEO for some time, with Daimler AG’s Dieter Zetsche and Renault/Nissan Motors’s Carlos Ghosn both turning down the offer.

One of Mulally’s first decisions at Ford was to bring back the Taurus nameplate. He said that he could not understand why the company previously scrapped the Taurus, which had been one of the company’s best sellers until losing ground in the late 1990s.[19]

Mulally took over “The Way Forward” restructuring plan at Ford to turn around its massive losses and declining market share.[20] Mulally’s cost-cutting initiatives led to the company’s first profitable quarter in two years.[21] Dividends to shareholders were also suspended.[22]

In 2006, Mulally led the effort for Ford to borrow US$23.6 billion by mortgaging all of Ford’s assets. Mulally said that he intended to use the money to finance a major overhaul and provide “a cushion to protect for a recession or other unexpected event”.[23] At the time, the loan was interpreted as a sign of desperation, but is now widely credited with stabilizing Ford’s financial position, compared to crosstown rivals General Motors and Chrysler, both of whom had gone bankrupt during the automotive industry crisis of 2008–2009. Ford was the only one of the Detroit Three that did not ask for a government loan.[24] Mulally did testify before the United States Congress in favor of government loans for General Motors and Chrysler, discussing the impact to the economy and to other automobile manufacturers if parts su

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Posted by rr1455 - May 7, 2016 at 5:42 pm

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Robotic Surgery Just Got More Autonomous

A robot for ‘soft tissue’ surgery outperforms surgeons
Say you’re going into intestinal surgery. Which do you chose: human or robot surgeon?
May 4, 2016

The STAR robot suturing intestinal tissue (credit: Azad Shademan et al./Science Translational Medicine)

Can a robot handle the slippery stuff of soft tissues that can move and change shape in complex ways as stitching goes on, normally requiring a surgeon’s skill to respond to these changes to keep suturing as tightly and evenly as possible?

A Johns Hopkins University and Children’s National Health System research team decided to find out by using their “Smart Tissue Autonomous Robot” (STAR) to perform in a procedure called anastomosis* (joining two tubular structures such as blood vessels together), using pig intestinal tissue.

The researchers published the results today in an open-access paper in the journal Science Translational Medicine. The robot surgeon took longer (up to 57 minutes vs. 8 minutes for human surgeons) but “the machine does it better,” according to Peter Kim, M.D., Professor of Surgery at the Sheikh Zayed Institute for Pediatric Surgical Innovation, Children’s National Health System in Washington D.C. Kim said the procedure was about 60 percent fully autonomous and 40 percent supervised (“we made some minor adjustments”), but that it can be made fully autonomous.

“The equivalent of a fancy sewing machine”

Automating soft tissue surgery. Left: The STAR system integrates near-infrared fluorescent (NIRF) imaging of markers (added by the surgeon to allow STAR to track surgical motions through blood and tissue occlusions), 3D plenoptic vision (captures the intensity and direction of the light rays emanating from the markers), force sensing, submillimeter positioning, and actuated surgical tools. Right: surgical site detail during linear suturing task showing a longitudinally cut porcine intestine suspended by five stay sutures. (credit: Azad Shademan et al./Science Translational Medicine)

STAR was developed by Azad Shademan and associates at the Sheikh Zayed Institute. It features a 3D imaging system and a near-infrared sensor to spot fluorescent markers along the edges of the tissue to keep the robotic suture needle on track. Unlike most other robot-assisted surgical systems, such as the Da Vinci Si, it operates without human hands-on guidance (but under the surgeon’s supervision).

In the research, the STAR robotic sutures were compared with the work of five surgeons completing the same procedure using three methods: open surgery, laparoscopic, and robot assisted surgery. Researchers compared consistency of suture spacing, pressure at which the seam leaked, mistakes that required removing the needle from the tissue or restarting the robot, and completion time.

The system promises to improve results for patients and make the best surgical techniques more widely available, according to the researchers. Putting a robot to work in this form of surgery “really levels the playing field,” said Simon Leonard, a computer scientist an assistant research professor in the Johns Hopkins Whiting School of Engineering, who worked for four years to program the robotic arm to precisely stitch together pieces of soft tissue.

As Leonard put it, they’re designing an advanced surgical tool, “the equivalent of a fancy sewing machine.”

* Anastomosis is performed more than a million times a year in the U.S.; more than 44.5 million such soft-tissue surgeries are performed in the U.S. each year. According to the researchers, complications such as leakage along the seams occur nearly 20 percent of the time in colorectal surgery and 25 to 30 percent of the time in abdominal surgery.

Carla Schaffer/AAAS | Robotic Surgery Just Got More Autonomous

Abstract of Supervised autonomous robotic soft tissue surgery

The current paradigm of robot-assisted surgeries (RASs) depends entirely on an individual surgeon’s manual capability. Autonomous robotic surgery—removing the surgeon’s hands—promises enhanced efficacy, safety, and improved access to optimized surgical techniques. Surgeries involving soft tissue have not been performed autonomously because of technological limitations, including lack of vision systems that can distinguish and track the target tissues in dynamic surgical environments and lack of intelligent algorithms that can execute complex surgical tasks. We demonstrate in vivo supervised autonomous soft tissue surgery in an open surgical setting, enabled by a plenoptic three-dimensional and near-infrared fluorescent (NIRF) imaging system and an autonomous suturing algorithm. Inspired by the best human surgical practices, a computer program generates a plan to complete complex surgical tasks on deformable soft tissue, such as suturing and intestinal anastomosis. We compared metrics of anastomosis—including the consistency of suturing informed by the average suture spacing, the pressure at which the anastomosis leaked, the number of mistakes that required removing the needle from the tissue, completion time, and lumen reduction in intestinal anastomoses—between our supervised autonomous system, manual laparoscopic surgery, and clinically used RAS approaches. Despite dynamic scene changes and tissue movement during surgery, we demonstrate that the outcome of supervised autonomous procedures is superior to surgery performed by expert surgeons and RAS techniques in ex vivo porcine tissues and in living pigs. These results demonstrate the potential for autonomous robots to improve the efficacy, consistency, functional outcome, and accessibility of surgical techniqu

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Posted by rr1455 - May 6, 2016 at 4:17 am

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Andre Borschberg pilot, co founder of solar impulse by apibestinclass

Andre Borschberg- After graduating from the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) in mechanics and thermodynamics, André Borschberg has constantly developed and led numerous technology projects, companies and start-ups, as both investor and entrepreneur. He very quickly supplemented his training with a Master’s in Management Science from the MIT Sloan School of Management, preceded by certificates in financial management and business management at HEC Lausanne. He first joined McKinsey, one of the world’s leading business consultancies, as a consultant for five years, before starting his own entrepreneurial activities. More info and live feed:http://www.solarimpulse.com/

His strong points are business organisation, management and development. From finance to marketing, from engineering to human resources, André Borschberg has acquired solid experience as an entrepreneur, manager and consultant for over 20 years. He went initially into partnership with a venture capital company, Lowe Finance. His vast range of professional skills, his versatility and his perseverance enabled him to successfully launch two start-ups in the Internet and new technologies field. With a technical team from EPFL, he co-founded Innovative Silicon, a technology company in the field of microprocessor memories.

As a mechanical engineer and pilot, he is directing the construction of the aircraft and the preparation of the flight missions. “We need to find a way to build an aircraft that is super-robust & super-light at the same time, and above all extremely efficient with energy consumption, so as to need only minuscule amounts of energy in order to fly. But with the same degree of resistance as a normal airplane. Hence the great complexity of the project, which gives the true measure of its philosophy and its objectives.”[2]

Solar Impulse 1 Missions[edit]
Solar Night Flight:
On 7 July 2010, André Borschberg has, for the first time in history, flown 26 hours with the Solar Impulse aeroplane, demonstrating at the same time the possibilities to fly day and night with only solar energy to propel the aeroplane.

European Solar Flights:
Solar Impulse HB-SIA, piloted by André Borschberg, completed three international flights during the European campaign: Payerne to Brussels on 13 May (630 km), Brussels to Paris-Le Bourget on 14 June (395 km) and Paris-Le Bourget to Payerne on 3 July (426 km).

Crossing frontiers:
Solar Impulse, piloted alternatively by André Borschberg and Bertrand Piccard, made its first intercontinental flight in 2012 from Switzerland (Payerne) to Toulouse, and then on to Morocco.[3]

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Posted by rr1455 - May 4, 2016 at 3:35 am

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